Connecticut

Connecticut is making progress on climate action and has also prioritized adaptation and resilience measures in the state.

Legislative Profile

Governor: Ned Lamont (D)

House: Democratic majority

Senate: Democratic majority

U.S. Climate Alliance Member

Key Resources

Connecticut State Energy Profile — U.S. EIA
Connecticut Climate Change Portal – Department of Energy and Environmental Protection

Emissions Reduction Targets

By 2030:

45%

By 2050:

80%

All targets relative to 2001 levels

2019 GHG Emissions By Sector (%)

  • Commercial
  • Electric
  • Residential
  • Industrial
  • Transportation
  • Agriculture
Source: EPA State Inventory Tool (SIT)

Use the + icons in each policy area below to explore climate policy that has been passed at the state level, with links to relevant legislation and trackers. Policies in gray have not yet been passed in this state.

Climate Governance & Equity

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Climate Governance

Greenhouse Gas Targets

Emissions Reduction Target

45% by 2030 | 80% by 2050 Relative to 2001 levels

Mandate Source

2030: Mandatory – Public Act No. 18-82 (2018)
2050: Mandatory – Public Act No. 08-98 (2008)

Climate Action Plan

Building a Low Carbon Future for Connecticut (2018)

Plan Status

Finalized

Climate Bureaucracy

Interagency Commissions/Task Forces

Non-Governmental Advisory Bodies

Governor’s Council on Climate Change

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory

1990-2018 GHG Emissions Inventory (October 2021)

Mandate Source

Public Act No. 08-98 (2008) / Public Act No. 18-82 (2018)

Green Bank

Connecticut Green Bank

Establishing Legislation

Public Act 11-80 (2011)

Lead by Example

ACEEE Score – 2 out of 2 points**

Public Fleet ZEV Requirements

SB 4 (2022) – For state-purchased and leased cars and light-duty trucks: 50% are EVs by 2026 | 75% are EVs by 2028 | 100% are EVs by 2030
For school buses: 30% of new buses purchased or leased by the state are zero-emission and 100% of buses in environmental justice communities are zero-emission by 2030 | 100% of school buses state-wide are zero-emission buses by 2040

Equity

Environmental Justice Community Designation

Mandate Source

CT Gen Stat § 22a-20a (2012)

Definition

“Environmental justice communities” are defined as either census block groups where 30% or more of the population has an income below 200% of the federal poverty level, or municipalities that are the most fiscally and economically distressed.

Include race? No | Include income? Yes | Include pollution burden? No

State EJ Mapping Tools

EJ Community Benefit Requirement

EJ Bureaucracy

**The ACEEE Energy Efficiency Scorecard analyzes the policies and programs states adopt to save energy in public sector buildings and transportation fleets. States can earn up to 2 points.

Adaptation & Resilience

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Governance and Planning

Governance Structures

Office Designation

Task Force/Advisory Group

EO3 (2019) – Governor’s Council on Climate Change

EO50 (2015) – State Agency Fostering Resilience Council

Cabinet Commissions and Committees

Adaptation and Resilience Plans

Action Plans

Connecticut Climate Change Preparedness Plan (2013)

State Water Plan (2018)

Assessments

Executive Order 21-3 (2021) – Requires state agencies to complete vulnerability assessments of state assets and operations

Frameworks

Climate Hazard Mitigation Plans

Solutions and Funding

Building Codes, Land Use, and Zoning

SB 7 (2018) – Requires municipalities to consider sea level rise while preparing a municipal evacuation plan or hazard mitigation plan

EO53 (2016) – Building code standards for extreme weather

Built/Hard Infrastructure

Grid Resilience Measures

Public Act 16-196 (2016) – funding for microgrid projects

Green Stormwater Infrastructure

State Funding

Development Funding

Executive Order 21-3 (2019) – Creates the Connecticut Community Climate Resilience Program

Public Act No. 19-77 (2019) – Creates a Climate Change and Coastal Resiliency Reserve Fund

Connecticut Green Bank

Disaster Relief Funding

Electricity

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Renewables and Energy Storage

Greenhouse Gas Targets

Target

100% by 2040

Legislation

SB 10 (2022)

Renewable Portfolio Standard

Target

48% by 2030

Legislation

SB 9 (2018)

Distributed Generation/Solar Carve-out

SPOT Components – 5 out of 5*

Net Metering

SPOT Components – 7 out of 11*

Energy Storage Standard

SPOT Components – 3 out of 5*

Shared Renewables

SPOT Components – 4 out of 6*

Grid and Utility Reform

Clean Energy Plan

Grid Modernization Plan

The GridWise Alliance’s Grid Modernization Index (GMI) evaluates and ranks the status of grid modernization efforts across all 50 states and D.C.

50-state Ranking – 26th

Interconnection Standards

SPOT Components – 6 out of 6*

Utility Green Power Option

SPOT Components – 1 out of 6*

New Utility Business Model Proceeding

SPOT Components – 3 out of 5*

Carbon Pollution Pricing

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Buildings & Efficiency

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Building Energy Codes

Residential Codes

SPOT Components – 5 out of 6*

Statewide code – 2015 IECC

Commercial Codes

SPOT Components – 3 out of 6*

Statewide code – 2015 IECC

Stretch or Reach Codes

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Efficiency Programs and Incentives

Weatherization Programs

SPOT Components – 3 out of 4*

Energy Auditing Programs

Retrocommissioning Programs

Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE)

SPOT Components – 6 out of 10*

Energy Savings Performance Contracting

SPOT Components – 5 out of 5*

Standards and Market Mechanisms

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard

SPOT Components – 4 out of 5*

Building Performance Standard (BPS)

Appliance Performance Standard (APS)

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Buildings Data Disclosure

Transportation

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Vehicle Standards and Incentives

Low-Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Mandates

Connecticut ZEV Program

EV Targets and Sales Requirements

Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicle (MHDVs) Sales Standards

SB 4 (2022) – Authorizes DEEP to adopt California’s medium- and heavy-duty vehicle standards

EV Sales Requirements

Electric Vehicle Incentives

SPOT Components – 2 out of 5*

Charging Infrastructure Incentives

SPOT Components – 2 out of 5*

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS)

State Planning and Investment

Greenhouse Gas Targets

Decarbonization Plan

EV and EV Charging Infrastructure Plans

EV Transit Bus Deployment

The ACEEE Transportation Electrification Scorecard analyzes the level of investment and policies states adopt to procure electric transit buses. States can earn up to 6 points.

ACEEE Score – 6 out of 6 points

Bicycle Friendly State

The League of American Bicyclists’ State Report Cards evaluate and rank the safety and efficiency of active transportation systems across all 50 states.

50-state Ranking – 20th

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Agriculture

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Soil Health and Regenerative Agriculture Governance

Mandate Source

HB6496 (2021)

Task Force Portal or Action Plan

Tasks the state Council on Soil and Water Conservation with advising the commissioner of the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (DEEP) on soil health matters and implementation of related programs.

Financial Incentives

Technical Assistance and Education Programs

Food Waste Bans and Targets

Food Waste Ban – Required for commercial waste generators that generate at least 26 tons of food waste per year and are within 20 miles of a permitted recycling facility

Mandate Source

Public Act 21-16 (2021)

Industry, Materials, and Waste Management

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Short-Lived Climate Pollutant (SLCP) Regulations

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Buy Clean Requirements

What are we missing? Let us know!

Last Updated June 2022