Hawaii

Hawaii has made significant progress on climate action, being the first state to legally commit to a carbon negative economy in 2045.

Legislative Profile

Governor: David Ige (D)

House: Democratic supermajority

Senate: Democratic supermajority

U.S. Climate Alliance Member

Key Resources

Emissions Reduction Targets

By 2045:

Carbon Negative

2019 GHG Emissions By Sector (%)

  • Commercial
  • Electric
  • Residential
  • Industrial
  • Transportation
  • Agriculture
Source: EPA State Inventory Tool (SIT)

Use the + icons in each policy area below to explore climate policy that has been passed at the state level, with links to relevant legislation and trackers. Policies in gray have not yet been passed in this state.

Climate Governance & Equity

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+ Policies

Climate Governance

Greenhouse Gas Targets

Emissions Reduction Target

Carbon negative by 2045

Mandate Source

Mandatory – Act 15 (HB 2182) (2018)

Climate Action Plan

Climate Bureaucracy

Interagency Commissions/Task Forces

Hawai’i Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Commission

Non-Governmental Advisory Bodies

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory

Green Bank

Lead by Example

ACEEE Score – 1.5 out of 2 points**

Public Fleet ZEV Requirements

HB 552 (2021) – For the state’s light-duty vehicle fleet: 30% are ZEVs by 2025 | 60% are ZEVs by 2030 | 100% are ZEVs by 2035

Equity

Environmental Justice Community Designation

State EJ Mapping Tools

EJ Community Benefit Requirement

EJ Bureaucracy

**The ACEEE Energy Efficiency Scorecard analyzes the policies and programs states adopt to save energy in public sector buildings and transportation fleets. States can earn up to 2 points.

Adaptation & Resilience

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Governance and Planning

Governance Structures

Office Designation

HB 1149 (2021) – Office of Planning and Sustainable Development

Task Force/Advisory Group

Cabinet Commissions and Committees

Hawaii Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Commission

Adaptation and Resilience Plans

Action Plans

Assessments

Hawaii Sea Level Rise Vulnerability and Adaptation Report (2017)

Frameworks

Climate Hazard Mitigation Plans

Solutions and Funding

Building Codes, Land Use, and Zoning

Built/Hard Infrastructure

Act 178 (2021) – Increase the resilience of existing and planned state facilities

Grid Resilience Measures

HB 1305 (2019) – Soft grid measures

Green Stormwater Infrastructure

State Funding

Development Funding

HB 1986 (2018) – Funding for water infrastructure, climate adaptation and mitigation

Disaster Relief Funding

Electricity

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Renewables and Energy Storage

Greenhouse Gas Targets

Renewable Portfolio Standard

Target

100% by 2045

Legislation

HB 623 (2015)

Distributed Generation/Solar Carve-out

SPOT Components – 0 out of 5*

Net Metering

SPOT Components – 2 out of 11*

Energy Storage Standard

SPOT Components – 3 out of 5*

Shared Renewables

SPOT Components – 4 out of 6*

Grid and Utility Reform

Clean Energy Plan

Grid Modernization Plan

The GridWise Alliance’s Grid Modernization Index (GMI) evaluates and ranks the status of grid modernization efforts across all 50 states and D.C.

50-state Ranking – 15th

Interconnection Standards

SPOT Components – 5 out of 6*

Utility Green Power Option

SPOT Components – 0 out of 6*

New Utility Business Model Proceeding

SPOT Components – 5 out of 5*

Carbon Pollution Pricing

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Buildings & Efficiency

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Building Energy Codes

Residential Codes

SPOT Components – 4 out of 6*

Statewide code – 2018 IECC with amendments

Commercial Codes

SPOT Components – 3 out of 6*

Statewide code – Home rule

Stretch or Reach Codes

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Efficiency Programs and Incentives

Weatherization Programs

SPOT Components – 1 out of 4*

Energy Auditing Programs

Retrocommissioning Programs

Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE)

SPOT Components – 2 out of 10*

Energy Savings Performance Contracting

SPOT Components – 5 out of 5*

Standards and Market Mechanisms

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard

SPOT Components – 3 out of 5*

Building Performance Standard (BPS)

Appliance Performance Standard (APS)

Act 141 (2019)

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Buildings Data Disclosure

Transportation

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Vehicle Standards and Incentives

Low-Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Mandates

Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicle (MHDVs) Sales Standards

Electric Vehicle Incentives

SPOT Components – 1 out of 5*

Charging Infrastructure Incentives

SPOT Components – 3 out of 5*

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS)

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

State Planning and Investment

Greenhouse Gas Targets

Decarbonization Plan

EV and EV Charging Infrastructure Plans

EV Transit Bus Deployment

The ACEEE Transportation Electrification Scorecard analyzes the level of investment and policies states adopt to procure electric transit buses. States can earn up to 6 points.

ACEEE Score – 1 out of 6 points

Bicycle Friendly State

The League of American Bicyclists’ State Report Cards evaluate and rank the safety and efficiency of active transportation systems across all 50 states.

50-state Ranking – 27th

Agriculture

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Soil Health and Regenerative Agriculture Governance

Mandate Source

Act 15 (2018) 

Task Force Portal or Action Plan

Greenhouse Gas Sequestration Task Force

Financial Incentives

Technical Assistance and Education Programs

Food Waste Bans and Targets

Industry, Materials, and Waste Management

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Short-Lived Climate Pollutant (SLCP) Regulations

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Buy Clean Requirements

What are we missing? Let us know!

Last Updated June 2022