Minnesota

With a Democratic governor and a divided legislature, Minnesota has made some progress on climate action.

Legislative Profile

Governor: Tim Walz (D)

House: 69 (D) ǀ 64 (R) ǀ 1 (I)

Senate: 34 (R) ǀ 31 (D)

U.S. Climate Alliance Member

Emissions Reduction Targets

By 2025:

30%

By 2050:

80%

All targets relative to 2005 levels

2018 GHG Emissions By Sector (%)

  • Commercial
  • Electric
  • Residential
  • Industrial
  • Transportation
  • Other
Source: EIA State Energy Data System (SEDS)

Use the + icons in each policy area below to explore climate policy that has been passed at the state level, with links to relevant legislation and trackers. Policies in gray have not yet been passed in this state.

Climate Governance & Equity

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+ Policies

Climate Governance

Greenhouse Gas Targets

Emissions Reduction Target

30% by 2025 | 80% by 2050 Relative to 2005 levels

Mandate Source

Mandatory – SF 145

Climate Action Plan

Conversations and Ideas Lead to Bold Action

Plan Status

Draft Framework – Due June 2022

Climate Bureaucracy

Interagency Commissions/Task Forces

Climate Change Subcabinet

Non-Governmental Advisory Bodies

Governor’s Advisory Council on Climate Change

State Climate Portal

DNR Climate Change Portal

Lead by Example

ACEEE Score – 2 out of 2 points**

**The ACEEE Energy Efficiency Scorecard analyzes the policies and programs states adopt to save energy in public sector buildings and transportation fleets. States can earn up to 2 points.

Equity

Environmental Justice Community Designation

Mandate Source

Environmental Justice Policy

Definition

“Areas of environmental justice concern” are defined as census tracts where over 50% of the population is comprised of people of color; where over 40% of households have a household income of less than 185% of the federal poverty level; and/or that are within Tribal boundaries.

Include race? Yes | Include income? Yes | Include pollution burden? No

State EJ Mapping Tools

EJ Community Benefit Requirement

EJ Bureaucracy

Adaptation & Resilience

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Governance and Planning

Governance Structures

Adaptation and Resilience Plans/Frameworks

Climate Hazard Mitigation Plans

Solutions and Funding

Building Codes, Land Use, and Zoning

Built/Hard Infrastructure

Grid Resilience Measures

Green Stormwater Infrastructure

HF 5 (2021)

State Funding and Resources

Electricity

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Renewables and Energy Storage

Renewable Portfolio Standard

Target

XCel: 31.5% by 2020 | Other IOUs: 26.5% by 2025 | Other utilities: 25% by 2025

Legislation

Minn. Stat. §216B.1691.

Distributed Generation/Solar Carve-out

SPOT Components – 3 out of 5*

Net Metering

SPOT Components – 8 out of 11*

Energy Storage Standard

SPOT Components – 1 out of 5*

Shared Renewables

SPOT Components – 5 out of 6*

Grid and Utility Reform

Grid Modernization Plan

The GridWise Alliance’s Grid Modernization Index (GMI) evaluates and ranks the status of grid modernization efforts across all 50 states and D.C.

50-state Ranking – 10th

Interconnection Standards

SPOT Components – 5 out of 6*

Utility Green Power Option

SPOT Components – 3 out of 6*

New Utility Business Model Proceeding

SPOT Components – 4 out of 5*

Carbon Pollution Pricing

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Buildings & Efficiency

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Energy Codes and Standards

Residential Codes

SPOT Components – 3 out of 6*

Commercial Codes

SPOT Components – 3 out of 6*

Stretch or Reach Codes

Building Performance Standard (BPS)

Appliance Performance Standard (APS)

Efficiency Programs and Financing

Weatherization Programs

SPOT Components – 3 out of 4*

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard

SPOT Components – 4 out of 5*

Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE)

SPOT Components – 6 out of 10*

Energy Savings Performance Contracting

SPOT Components – 5 out of 5*

Market Mechanisms

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Buildings Data Disclosure

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Transportation

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Vehicle Standards

Low-Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Mandates

Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicle (MHDVs) Sales Standards

Incentives and Market Mechanisms

Electric Vehicle Incentives

SPOT Components – 2 out of 5*

Charging Infrastructure Incentives

SPOT Components – 2 out of 5*

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS)

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Agriculture

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Soil Health and Regenerative Agriculture Governance

Mandate Source

Executive Order 19-37 (2019)

Task Force Portal or Action Plan

Natural and Working Lands Working Team

Financial Incentives

Technical Assistance & Education Programs

Food Waste Bans and Targets

Industry, Materials, and Waste Management

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HFC Regulation

Carbon Pollution Pricing

What are we missing? Let us know!

Last Updated Nov. 2021