New Jersey

New Jersey has made significant progress on climate action, especially in recent years with environmental justice, clean energy, and clean transportation legislation.

Legislative Profile

Governor: Phil Murphy (D)

House: Democratic majority

Senate: Democratic majority

U.S. Climate Alliance Member

Key Resources

Emissions Reduction Targets

By 2030:

50%

By 2050:

80%

All targets relative to 2006 levels

2019 GHG Emissions By Sector (%)

  • Commercial
  • Electric
  • Residential
  • Industrial
  • Transportation
  • Agriculture
Source: EPA State Inventory Tool (SIT)

Use the + icons in each policy area below to explore climate policy that has been passed at the state level, with links to relevant legislation and trackers. Policies in gray have not yet been passed in this state.

Climate Governance & Equity

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Climate Governance

Greenhouse Gas Targets

Emissions Reduction Target

50% by 2030 | 80% by 2050 Relative to 2006 levels

Mandate Source

2030: Voluntary – EO 274 (2021)

2050: Mandatory – A3301 – Global Warming Response Act (2007)

Climate Action Plan

80×50 Report (2020)

Plan Status

Finalized

Climate Bureaucracy

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory

Green Bank

Lead by Example

ACEEE Score – 2 out of 2 points**

Public Fleet ZEV Requirements

S 2252 (2020) – For state-owned non-emergency light duty vehicles: 25% are plug-in electric by 2025 | 100% are plug-in electric by 2035
For new bus purchases made by NJ Transit: 10% are zero-emission by 2024 | 50% will be zero-emission by 2026 | 100% are zero-emission by 2032

Equity

Environmental Justice Community Designation

Mandate Source

N.J.S.A. 13:1D-157 (2020)

Definition

“Overburdened communities” are defined as census block groups where at least 35% of households are low-income; at least 40% of residents are minority status or part of a State-recognized tribal community; or at least 40% of households have limited English proficiency.

Include race? Yes | Include income? Yes | Include pollution burden? No

State EJ Mapping Tools

EJ Community Benefit Requirement

EJ Bureaucracy

**The ACEEE Energy Efficiency Scorecard analyzes the policies and programs states adopt to save energy in public sector buildings and transportation fleets. States can earn up to 2 points.

Adaptation & Resilience

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Governance and Planning

Governance Structures

Office Designation

EO 89 (2019) – State of New Jersey Resilience Officer

Task Force/Advisory Council

EO 89 (2019) – Interagency Council on Climate Resilience

Climate Commissions and Committees

Adaptation and Resilience Plans

Action Plans

Climate Change Resilience Strategy (2021)

Assessments

Frameworks

Climate Hazard Mitigation Plans

Solutions and Funding

Building Codes, Land Use, and Zoning

S 2607 (2021) – Requires municipal master plan to include climate change-related hazard vulnerability assessment

Built/Hard Infrastructure

A 5053 (2021) – Environmental Infrastructure Projects Approved List

Grid Resilience Measures

Act 227–2018 (2018) – Relates to electric distribution system resiliency reports

Green Stormwater Infrastructure

A 2305 (2015) – Construction of Blue Roofs and Green Roofs

State Funding

Development Funding

S 2498 (2021) – Environmental Infrastructure Project Loans

Disaster Relief Funding

Electricity

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Renewables and Energy Storage

Greenhouse Gas Targets

Renewable Portfolio Standard

Target

50% by 2030

Legislation

AB 3723 (2018)

Distributed Generation/Solar Carve-out

SPOT Components – 5 out of 5*

Net Metering

SPOT Components – 5 out of 11*

Energy Storage Standard

SPOT Components – 5 out of 5*

Shared Renewables

SPOT Components – 5 out of 6*

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Grid and Utility Reform

Clean Energy Plan

Grid Modernization Plan

The GridWise Alliance’s Grid Modernization Index (GMI) evaluates and ranks the status of grid modernization efforts across all 50 states and D.C.

50-state Ranking – 11th

Interconnection Standards

SPOT Components – 5 out of 6*

Utility Green Power Option

SPOT Components – 2 out of 6*

New Utility Business Model Proceeding

SPOT Components – 5 out of 5*

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Buildings & Efficiency

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Energy Codes and Standards

Residential Codes

SPOT Components – 6 out of 6*

Statewide code – 2018 IECC

Commercial Codes

SPOT Components – 6 out of 6*

Statewide code – ASHRAE 90.1 2016

Stretch or Reach Codes

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Efficiency Programs and Financing

Weatherization Programs

SPOT Components – 4 out of 4*

Energy Auditing Programs

Retrocommissioning Programs

Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE)

SPOT Components – 5 out of 10*

Energy Savings Performance Contracting

SPOT Components – 5 out of 5*

Standards and Market Mechanisms

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard

SPOT Components – 5 out of 5*

Building Performance Standard (BPS)

Appliance Performance Standard (APS)

AB 5160 (2022) – Sets minimum efficiency requirements for 17 products

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Buildings Data Disclosure

Transportation

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Vehicle Standards and Incentives

Low-Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Mandates

New Jersey ZEV Program

EV Targets and Sales Requirements

Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicle (MHDVs) Sales Standards

Advanced Clean Trucks Program

EV Sales Requirements

Electric Vehicle Incentives

SPOT Components – 3 out of 5*

Charging Infrastructure Incentives

SPOT Components – 1 out of 5*

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS)

State Planning and Investment

Greenhouse Gas Targets

Decarbonization Plan

EV and EV Charging Infrastructure Plans

EV Transit Bus Deployment

The ACEEE Transportation Electrification Scorecard analyzes the level of investment and policies states adopt to procure electric transit buses. States can earn up to 6 points.

ACEEE Score – 5 out of 6 points

Bicycle Friendly State

The League of American Bicyclists’ State Report Cards evaluate and rank the safety and efficiency of active transportation systems across all 50 states.

50-state Ranking – 16th

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Agriculture

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Soil Health and Regenerative Agriculture Governance

Financial Incentives

Technical Assistance and Education Programs

Food Waste Bans and Targets

Food Waste Ban – Required for large food waste generators

Mandate Source

A2371 (2020)

Industry, Materials, and Waste Management

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Short-Lived Climate Pollutant (SLCP) Regulations

HFC Regulations

A 4775 (2018)

Methane Regulations

SF6 Regulations

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Buy Clean Requirements

What are we missing? Let us know!

Last Updated June 2022