New York

With a Democratic state government trifecta, New York has made significant progress on climate action and has long been a leader in climate policy.

Legislative Profile

Governor: Kathy Hochul (D)

House: 105 (D, supermajority) ǀ 43 (R) ǀ 1 (I)

Senate: 42 (D, supermajority) ǀ 20 (R)

U.S. Climate Alliance Member

Emissions Reduction Targets

By 2030:

40%

By 2050:

85%

By 2050:

Net-zero

All targets relative to 1990 levels

2018 GHG Emissions By Sector (%)

  • Commercial
  • Electric
  • Residential
  • Industrial
  • Transportation
  • Other
Source: EIA State Energy Data System (SEDS)

Use the + icons in each policy area below to explore climate policy that has been passed at the state level, with links to relevant legislation and trackers. Policies in gray have not yet been passed in this state.

Climate Governance & Equity

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Climate Governance

Greenhouse Gas Targets

Emissions Reduction Target

40% by 2030 | 85% by 2050 | net-zero by 2050 Relative to 1990 levels

Mandate Source

Mandatory – S.6599 – Climate Leadership and Community Protection Act

Climate Action Plan

Working on Scoping Plan

Plan Status

In progress – Due January 2023

Climate Bureaucracy

Interagency Commissions/Task Forces

Non-Governmental Advisory Bodies

NY Climate Action Council

State Climate Portal

NY Climate Portal

Lead by Example

ACEEE Score – 1.5 out of 2 points**

**The ACEEE Energy Efficiency Scorecard analyzes the policies and programs states adopt to save energy in public sector buildings and transportation fleets. States can earn up to 2 points.

Equity

Environmental Justice Community Designation

Mandate Source

S.6599 – Climate Leadership and Community Protection Act

Definition

“Disadvantaged communities” means communities that bear burdens of negative public health effects, environmental pollution, impacts of climate change, and possess certain socioeconomic criteria, or comprise high-concentrations of low- and moderate-income households.

Include race? Yes | Include income? Yes | Include pollution burden? Yes

State EJ Mapping Tools

EJ Community Benefit Requirement

S.5699 – 35% of investments go to Disadvantaged Communities

EJ Bureaucracy

Adaptation & Resilience

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Governance and Planning

Governance Structures

Adaptation and Resilience Plans/Frameworks

Climate Hazard Mitigation Plans

Solutions and Funding

Building Codes, Land Use, and Zoning

S06617B (2014) – Community Risk and Resiliency Act

Regulation Part 490 (2017) – Requires the consideration of sea level rise for certain permits, approval, and funding

Built/Hard Infrastructure

Grid Resilience Measures

Green Stormwater Infrastructure

State Funding and Resources

A 2003 (2020) – Enacts the Aid to Localities Budget

Electricity

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Renewables and Energy Storage

Renewable Portfolio Standard

Target

70% renewable electricity by 2030 | 100% carbon-free electricity by 2040

Legislation

SB 6599

Distributed Generation/Solar Carve-out

SPOT Components – 0 out of 5*

Net Metering

SPOT Components – 7 out of 11*

Energy Storage Standard

SPOT Components – 5 out of 5*

Shared Renewables

SPOT Components – 6 out of 6*

Grid and Utility Reform

Grid Modernization Plan

The GridWise Alliance’s Grid Modernization Index (GMI) evaluates and ranks the status of grid modernization efforts across all 50 states and D.C.

50-state Ranking – 7th

Interconnection Standards

SPOT Components – 5 out of 6*

Utility Green Power Option

SPOT Components – 2 out of 6*

New Utility Business Model Proceeding

SPOT Components – 5 out of 5*

Carbon Pollution Pricing

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Buildings & Efficiency

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Energy Codes and Standards

Residential Codes

SPOT Components – 6 out of 6*

Commercial Codes

SPOT Components – 6 out of 6*

Stretch or Reach Codes

Building Performance Standard (BPS)

Appliance Performance Standard (APS)

Efficiency Programs and Financing

Weatherization Programs

SPOT Components – 3 out of 4*

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard

SPOT Components – 4 out of 5*

Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE)

SPOT Components – 7 out of 10*

Energy Savings Performance Contracting

SPOT Components – 4 out of 5*

Market Mechanisms

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Buildings Data Disclosure

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Transportation

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Vehicle Standards

Low-Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Mandates

Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicle (MHDVs) Sales Standards

Incentives and Market Mechanisms

Electric Vehicle Incentives

SPOT Components – 3 out of 5*

Charging Infrastructure Incentives

SPOT Components – 4 out of 5*

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS)

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Agriculture

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Soil Health and Regenerative Agriculture Governance

Financial Incentives

Climate Resilient Farming Program

A 05368A (2021) – Soil Health and Resiliency Act

Technical Assistance & Education Programs

Food Waste Bans and Targets

Mandate Source

Food Donation and Food Scraps Recycling Law

Target or Ban

Food Waste Ban – Required for businesses and institutions that generate 2 tons of food waste per week

Industry, Materials, and Waste Management

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HFC Regulation

Carbon Pollution Pricing

What are we missing? Let us know!

Last Updated Nov. 2021