North Carolina

North Carolina is making progress on climate action, especially since the election of Governor Cooper (D).

Legislative Profile

Governor: Roy Cooper (D)

House: Republican majority

Senate: Republican majority

U.S. Climate Alliance Member

Key Resources

Emissions Reduction Targets

By 2025:

40%

By 2030:

50%

By 2050:

Net-zero

Target relative to 2005 levels

2019 GHG Emissions By Sector (%)

  • Commercial
  • Electric
  • Residential
  • Industrial
  • Transportation
  • Agriculture
Source: EPA State Inventory Tool (SIT)

Use the + icons in each policy area below to explore climate policy that has been passed at the state level, with links to relevant legislation and trackers. Policies in gray have not yet been passed in this state.

Climate Governance & Equity

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Climate Governance

Greenhouse Gas Targets

Emissions Reduction Target

40% by 2025 | 50% by 2030 |Net-zero by 2050 Relative to 2005 levels

Mandate Source

2025: Voluntary – Executive Order 80 (2018)
2030 and 2050: Voluntary – Executive Order 246 (2022)

Climate Action Plan

North Carolina Clean Energy Plan (2019)

Plan Status

Finalized

Climate Bureaucracy

Interagency Commissions/Task Forces

NC Climate Change Interagency Council

Non-Governmental Advisory Bodies

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory

1990-2018 GHG Inventory (January 2022)

Mandate Source

Executive Order 246 (2022)

Green Bank

North Carolina Clean Energy Fund

Establishing Legislation

Lead by Example

ACEEE Score – 2 out of 2 points**

Public Fleet ZEV Requirements

Executive Order 80 (2018) – Agencies must prioritize ZEVs when purchasing or leasing new vehicles

Equity

Environmental Justice Community Designation

State EJ Mapping Tools

EJ Community Benefit Requirement

EJ Bureaucracy

**The ACEEE Energy Efficiency Scorecard analyzes the policies and programs states adopt to save energy in public sector buildings and transportation fleets. States can earn up to 2 points.

Adaptation & Resilience

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Governance and Planning

Governance Structures

Office Designation

North Carolina Office of Recovery and Resiliency

Chief Resilience Officer

Task Force/Advisory Group

Executive Order 80 (2018) – North Carolina Climate Change Interagency Council

State Disaster Recovery Task Force

Cabinet Commissions and Committees

Adaptation and Resilience Plans

Climate Hazard Mitigation Plans

Solutions and Funding

Building Codes, Land Use, and Zoning

Built/Hard Infrastructure

Grid Resilience Measures

Green Stormwater Infrastructure

State Funding

Development Funding

Regions Innovating for Strong Economies & Environment (RISE) – Provides technical assistance to support community vulnerability assessments, hazard mitigation planning, and identifying and implementing priorities to increase resilience

N.C. Resilient Coastal Communities Program – Aims to facilitate a community-driven process for setting coastal resilience goals, assessing existing and needed local capacity, and identifying and prioritizing projects to enhance community resilience to coastal hazards

Disaster Relief Funding

Electricity

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Renewables and Energy Storage

Greenhouse Gas Targets

Emissions Reduction Target

70% by 2030 | Carbon neutral by 2050 Relative to 2005 levels

Mandate Source

HB 951 (2021)

Renewable Portfolio Standard

Target

IOUs: 12.5% by 2021 | Munis and coops: 10% by 2018

Legislation

N.C. Gen. Stat. §62-133.8 (2007)

Distributed Generation/Solar Carve-out

SPOT Components – 1 out of 5*

Net Metering

SPOT Components – 3 out of 11*

Energy Storage Standard

SPOT Components – 1 out of 5*

Shared Renewables

SPOT Components – 3 out of 6*

Grid and Utility Reform

Clean Energy Plan

Grid Modernization Plan

The GridWise Alliance’s Grid Modernization Index (GMI) evaluates and ranks the status of grid modernization efforts across all 50 states and D.C.

50-state Ranking – 23rd

Interconnection Standards

SPOT Components – 6 out of 6*

Utility Green Power Option

SPOT Components – 1 out of 6*

New Utility Business Model Proceeding

SPOT Components – 1 out of 5*

Carbon Pollution Pricing

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Buildings & Efficiency

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Building Energy Codes

Residential Codes

SPOT Components – 4 out of 6*

Statewide code – 2015 IECC

Commercial Codes

SPOT Components – 3 out of 6*

Statewide code – 2015 IECC

Stretch or Reach Codes

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Efficiency Programs and Incentives

Weatherization Programs

SPOT Components – 1 out of 4*

Energy Auditing Programs

Retrocommissioning Programs

Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE)

SPOT Components – 3 out of 10*

Energy Savings Performance Contracting

SPOT Components – 5 out of 5*

Standards and Market Mechanisms

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard

SPOT Components – 1 out of 5*

Building Performance Standard (BPS)

Appliance Performance Standard (APS)

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Buildings Data Disclosure

Transportation

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Vehicle Standards and Incentives

Low-Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Mandates

ZEV Program

EV Targets and Sales Requirements

Executive Order 80 (2018) – By 2025: At least 80,000 registered ZEVs

Executive Order 246 (2022) – By 2030: 50% of in-state sales of new vehicles are zero-emission and at least 1.25 million registered ZEVs

Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicle (MHDVs) Sales Standards

Electric Vehicle Incentives

SPOT Components – 2 out of 5*

Charging Infrastructure Incentives

SPOT Components – 1 out of 5*

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS)

State Planning and Investment

Greenhouse Gas Targets

Decarbonization Plan

EV and EV Charging Infrastructure Plans

EV Transit Bus Deployment

The ACEEE Transportation Electrification Scorecard analyzes the level of investment and policies states adopt to procure electric transit buses. States can earn up to 6 points.

ACEEE Score – 0 out of 6 points

Bicycle Friendly State

The League of American Bicyclists’ State Report Cards evaluate and rank the safety and efficiency of active transportation systems across all 50 states.

50-state Ranking – 18th

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Agriculture

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Soil Health and Regenerative Agriculture Governance

Financial Incentives

Technical Assistance and Education Programs

Food Waste Bans and Targets

Industry, Materials, and Waste Management

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Short-Lived Climate Pollutant (SLCP) Regulations

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Buy Clean Requirements

What are we missing? Let us know!

Last Updated June 2022