Vermont

Vermont has made some progress on climate action, but historically has lagged in climate policy compared to other Northeastern states.

Legislative Profile

Governor: Phil Scott (R)

House: 92 (D) ǀ 45 (R) ǀ 7 (VPP) | 5 (I)

Senate: 21 (D, supermajority) ǀ 7 (R) ǀ 2 (VPP)

U.S. Climate Alliance Member

Key Resources

Vermont State Energy Profile — U.S. EIA
Vermont Legal Profile — Lawyers for Good Government

Emissions Reduction Targets

By 2025:

26%

By 2030:

40%

By 2050:

80%

All targets relative to 1990 levels

2019 GHG Emissions By Sector (%)

  • Commercial
  • Electric
  • Residential
  • Industrial
  • Transportation
  • Agriculture
Source: EPA State Inventory Tool (SIT)

Use the + icons in each policy area below to explore climate policy that has been passed at the state level, with links to relevant legislation and trackers. Policies in gray have not yet been passed in this state.

Climate Governance & Equity

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+ Policies

Climate Governance

Greenhouse Gas Targets

Emissions Reduction Target

26% by 2025 | 40% by 2030 | 80% by 2050 Relative to 1990 levels

Mandate Source

Mandatory – Act 153 – Vermont Global Warming Solutions Act of 2020 (2020)

Climate Action Plan

Vermont Climate Action Plan (2021)

Plan Status

Finalized

Climate Bureaucracy

Interagency Commissions/Task Forces

Non-Governmental Advisory Bodies

Vermont Climate Council

State Climate Portal

Vermont Climate Change Portal

Lead by Example

ACEEE Score – 2 out of 2 points**

**The ACEEE Energy Efficiency Scorecard analyzes the policies and programs states adopt to save energy in public sector buildings and transportation fleets. States can earn up to 2 points.

Equity

Environmental Justice Community Designation

State EJ Mapping Tools

EJ Community Benefit Requirement

EJ Bureaucracy

Adaptation & Resilience

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Governance and Planning

Governance Structures

Office Designation

Task Force/Advisory Group

H.688 (2020) – Vermont Climate Council

Cabinet Commissions and Committees

Adaptation and Resilience Plans

Action Plans

Assessments

Frameworks

Climate Change Adaptation Framework (2013)

Climate Hazard Mitigation Plans

Solutions and Funding

Building Codes, Land Use, and Zoning

Built/Hard Infrastructure

Grid Resilience Measures

Green Stormwater Infrastructure

State Funding

Electricity

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+ Policies

Renewables and Energy Storage

Greenhouse Gas Targets

Renewable Portfolio Standard

Target

55% by 2017 | 75% by 2032

Legislation

HB 40 (2015)

Distributed Generation/Solar Carve-out

SPOT Components – 5 out of 5*

Net Metering

SPOT Components – 9 out of 11*

Energy Storage Standard

SPOT Components – 2 out of 5*

Shared Renewables

SPOT Components – 5 out of 6*

Grid and Utility Reform

Clean Energy Plan

Grid Modernization Plan

The GridWise Alliance’s Grid Modernization Index (GMI) evaluates and ranks the status of grid modernization efforts across all 50 states and D.C.

50-state Ranking – 20th

Interconnection Standards

SPOT Components – 6 out of 6*

Utility Green Power Option

SPOT Components – 1 out of 6*

New Utility Business Model Proceeding

SPOT Components – 1 out of 5*

Carbon Pollution Pricing

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Buildings & Efficiency

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Building Energy Codes

Residential Codes

SPOT Components – 5 out of 6*

Statewide code – 2018 IECC

Commercial Codes

SPOT Components – 4 out of 6*

Statewide code – 2018 IECC

Stretch or Reach Codes

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Efficiency Programs and Incentives

Weatherization Programs

SPOT Components – 3 out of 4*

Energy Auditing Programs

Retrocommissioning Programs

Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE)

SPOT Components – 3 out of 10*

Energy Savings Performance Contracting

SPOT Components – 3 out of 5*

Standards and Market Mechanisms

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard

SPOT Components – 5 out of 5*

Building Performance Standard (BPS)

Appliance Performance Standard (APS)

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Buildings Data Disclosure

Transportation

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Vehicle Standards and Incentives

Low-Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Mandates

Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicle (MHDVs) Sales Standards

Electric Vehicle Incentives

SPOT Components – 2 out of 5*

Charging Infrastructure Incentives

SPOT Components – 2 out of 5*

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS)

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

State Planning and Investment

Greenhouse Gas Targets

Decarbonization Plan

EV and EV Charging Infrastructure Plans

EV Transit Bus Deployment

The ACEEE Transportation Electrification Scorecard analyzes the level of investment and policies states adopt to procure electric transit buses. States can earn up to 6 points.

ACEEE Score – 1 out of 6 points

Bicycle Friendly State

The League of American Bicyclists’ State Report Cards evaluate and rank the safety and efficiency of active transportation systems across all 50 states.

50-state Ranking – 17th

Agriculture

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Soil Health and Regenerative Agriculture Governance

Mandate Source

Act 83 (2019) / Act 129 (2020)

Task Force Portal or Action Plan

Payment for Ecosystem Services and Soil Health Working Group

Financial Incentives

Act 83 (2019) – An act relating to agricultural development

Act 64 (2019) – Environmental Stewardship Program

Technical Assistance & Education Programs

Act 129 (2020) – An Act relating to miscellaneous agricultural subjects

Food Waste Bans and Targets

Food Waste Ban – Required for all food waste

Mandate Source

Act 148 (2012)

Industry, Materials, and Waste Management

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Short-Lived Climate Pollutant (SLCP) Regulations

HFC Regulations

S. 30 (2019)

Methane Regulations

Carbon Pollution Pricing

What are we missing? Let us know!

Last Updated March 2022