Maryland

Our History

With 3100 miles of tidally influenced shoreline, Maryland is among the states most vulnerable to climate change. Maryland farmers are also at risk of costly losses, and residents are vulnerable to significant property damage from extreme weather events. For this reason, addressing climate risks and a focus on mitigating their consequences must be among the state’s top priorities.

Maryland has a unique opportunity to be a leader in transitioning to a low carbon economy. As one of the fastest growing sectors, clean technology and renewable energy jobs, are providing economic growth, job opportunities and attracting new talent to the state. Putting a price on carbon will help fuel this growth and guarantee a cleaner and healthier environment for the future of Marylanders.

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Climate XChange-Maryland and our home office in Boston are leading an advocacy effort to for carbon pricing in the state. With design and analysis help from CXC staff, in February of 2018, the House introduced a carbon pricing bill, sponsored by Delegates Ben Kramer and David Fraser-Hidalgo.

Meanwhile, CXC-Maryland has been conducting public education and building support for the policy with other advocacy groups and the general public, as well as building its own strong organization.

House Bill 939, entitled An Act Concerning Regional Carbon Cost Collection Initiative aims to put a price on carbon emissions by charging a fee per ton of carbon dioxide emitted through the direct use of fossil fuels and for electricity generation. The majority of the funds collected would go back to residents and employers in the form of rebates, and a small percentage would create a ‘Green infrastructure Fund’ (GIF) intended to support investments in transportation, resiliency and clean energy projects.

The bill proposed a fee that would start at $15 per ton of CO2 in 2019, increasing by $5 per ton annually until 2025 where it would remain at $45. 90% of the funds collected would go to a Greenhouse Gas Pollution Charges Fund, which would provide rebates to households and employers. The remaining 10% of funds would go toward the GIF to support investments in transportation, resiliency, clean energy projects, and transitional benefits for workers in fossil-fuel related industries.

  • Climate XChange produced two full studies and additional analysis in support of the bill:
    The Greenhouse Gas Reduction Impact of a Carbon Pollution Charge in Maryland, by August Granath and Marc Breslow
  • An Analysis of Impacts of Households at Different Income Levels from Caron Pollution Pricing in Maryland, by Marc Breslow and Chynna Pickens
  • In addition, CXC Research Associate Jonah Kurman-Faber conducted an analysis of impacts from the fees and rebates on particular business sectors in Maryland
  • See also Marc Breslow’s summary statement given at the Commission’s Mitigation Working Group meeting to discuss carbon pricing

The House held a hearing for the bill on February 6th of 2018, and on March 13th, it received an unfavorable vote by the Economic Matters Committee.

The Maryland Commission on Climate Change is sponsoring modeling of different scenarios for how the state can reach its mandate to reduce emissions 40 percent by 2030. As of this writing, despite initial resistance from state officials, CXC-Maryland has succeeded in getting the Commission to include a model run that will have carbon pricing as one of the policies. This is essential if the Commission is to include pricing in the draft plan for 2030 that is due at the end of 2018 and the final plan at the end of 2019.

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Learn more about carbon pricing activity in Maryland by emailing us at info@climate-xchange.org

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Legislative Updates
Campaign Updates From Maryland

Resolution submitted calling on congress to ensure safe climate On June 11th, after a long day lobbying for federal carbon fee-and-dividend on Capital Hill, a group of Climate XChange and Citizens’ Climate Lobby volunteers met for dinner at a restaurant in...

Maryland Commission Takes on Carbon Pricing

The Maryland Commission on Climate Change (MCCC) has been tasked by the state with devising a plan to meet its legal target of a 40% cut in GHG emissions by 2030. On May 31, the MCCC’s Mitigation Working Group devoted...

Maryland carbon pricing bill moves forward

On March 5, supporters of Maryland House Bill 939, the Regional Carbon Cost Collection Initiative (RCCCI), gathered at the State House for its first hearing. Sponsored by state delegates Ben Kramer and David Fraser Hidalgo, the bill would set an...

Recent Reports
Regional Cap and Trade: Lessons from the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and Western Climate Initiative

TWO LARGE CAP-AND-TRADE SYSTEMS for carbon dioxide emissions (CO2) exist in the U.S. — the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) that currently covers ten Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states; and the Western Climate Initiative (WCI), which now includes California and the...

The Greenhouse Gas Reduction Impact of a Carbon Pollution Charge in Maryland

Maryland has a strong commitment to fighting climate change. In 2009, the state passed the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Act (GGRA) that “requires the state to achieve a minimum 25% reduction in statewide greenhouse gas emissions from 2006 levels by2020.” The...

Benefits of the Regional Carbon Cost Collection Initiative

The Regional Carbon Cost Collection Initiative is a carbon-fee-and-dividend plan proposed by Climate XChange Maryland (CXC-MD). It is designed to limit greenhouse gas (GHG) pollution arising from the burning of fossil fuels in the residential, commercial, industrial, electricity, and transportation sectors,...