California

With a Democratic state government trifecta, California has made significant progress on climate action and has long been a leader in climate policy.

Legislative Profile

Governor: Gavin Newsom (D)

House: 60 (D, supermajority) ǀ 19 (R) ǀ 1 (I)

Senate: 31 (D, supermajority) ǀ 9 (R)

U.S. Climate Alliance Member

Emissions Reduction Targets

By 2030:

40%

By 2045:

Net Zero

All targets relative to 1990 levels

2018 GHG Emissions By Sector (%)

  • Commercial
  • Electric
  • Residential
  • Industrial
  • Transportation
  • Other
Source: EIA State Energy Data System (SEDS)

Use the + icons in each policy area below to explore climate policy that has been passed at the state level, with links to relevant legislation and trackers. Policies in gray have not yet been passed in this state.

Climate Governance & Equity

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Climate Governance

Greenhouse Gas Targets

Emissions Reduction Target

40% by 2030 | net-zero by 2045 Relative to 1990 levels

Mandate Source

Mandatory – SB-32 – Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006

Climate Action Plan

2017 Climate Change Scoping Plan

Plan Status

Finalized

Climate Bureaucracy

Lead by Example

ACEEE Score – 2 out of 2 points**

**The ACEEE Energy Efficiency Scorecard analyzes the policies and programs states adopt to save energy in public sector buildings and transportation fleets. States can earn up to 2 points.

Equity

Environmental Justice Community Designation

Mandate Source

SB 535

Definition

“Disadvantaged communities” are defined as the top 25% scoring areas from CalEnviroScreen, which includes areas burdened by combinations of poverty, high unemployment, air and water pollution, presence of hazardous wastes, and/or high incidence of asthma and heart disease, as well as all Tribal lands.

Include race? No | Include income? Yes | Include pollution burden? Yes

State EJ Mapping Tools

EJ Community Benefit Requirement

AB 1550 – at least 25% to disadvantaged communities and 10% to low-income communities, individuals, and households

EJ Bureaucracy

Adaptation & Resilience

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Governance and Planning

Governance Structures

AB 111 (2020) – Catastrophe Response Council and the Office of Energy Infrastructure Safety

SB 246 (2015) – Integrated Climate Adaptation and Resiliency Program

Adaptation and Resilience Plans/Frameworks

Climate Hazard Mitigation Plans

Solutions and Funding

Building Codes, Land Use, and Zoning

Executive Order B-30-15 (2015) – Requires state agencies to incorporate climate considerations in all planning and investment decisions

SB 379 (2015) – Requires local governments to include consideration of climate impacts in local land-use plans (or general plans)

Built/Hard Infrastructure

AB 2800 (2020) – Climate Safe Infrastructure Working Group

Paying it Forward: The path Toward Climate-Safe Infrastructure in California (2018)

Grid Resilience Measures

SB 533 (2021) – Requires Wildfire Mitigation Plans for electric corporations

Green Stormwater Infrastructure

AB 65 (2020)

State Funding and Resources

AB 78 (2020) – Creates the Climate Catalyst Revolving Loan Fund Act

California Coastal Conservancy Climate Ready Grant Program

Electricity

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Renewables and Energy Storage

Renewable Portfolio Standard

Target

60% by 2030 | 100% by 2045

Legislation

SB 100

Distributed Generation/Solar Carve-out

SPOT Components – 0 out of 5*

Net Metering

SPOT Components – 10 out of 11*

Energy Storage Standard

SPOT Components – 5 out of 5*

Shared Renewables

SPOT Components – 4 out of 6*

Grid and Utility Reform

Grid Modernization Plan

The GridWise Alliance’s Grid Modernization Index (GMI) evaluates and ranks the status of grid modernization efforts across all 50 states and D.C.

50-state Ranking – 1st

Interconnection Standards

SPOT Components – 5 out of 6*

Utility Green Power Option

SPOT Components – 2 out of 6*

New Utility Business Model Proceeding

SPOT Components – 5 out of 5*

Carbon Pollution Pricing

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Buildings & Efficiency

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Energy Codes and Standards

Residential Codes

SPOT Components – 6 out of 6*

Commercial Codes

SPOT Components – 6 out of 6*

Stretch or Reach Codes

Building Performance Standard (BPS)

Appliance Performance Standard (APS)

Efficiency Programs and Financing

Weatherization Programs

SPOT Components – 3 out of 4*

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard

SPOT Components – 4 out of 5*

Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE)

SPOT Components – 8 out of 10*

Energy Savings Performance Contracting

SPOT Components – 5 out of 5*

Market Mechanisms

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Buildings Data Disclosure

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Transportation

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Vehicle Standards

Low-Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Mandates

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Mandates

Incentives and Market Mechanisms

Electric Vehicle Incentives

SPOT Components – 4 out of 5*

Charging Infrastructure Incentives

SPOT Components – 4 out of 5*

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Low-Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS)

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Agriculture

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Soil Health and Regenerative Agriculture Governance

Mandate Source

Executive Order B-30-15 (2015)

Task Force Portal or Action Plan

Healthy Soils Action Plan

Financial Incentives

SB 129 (2021) – Healthy Soils Program

Technical Assistance and Education Programs

SB 129 (2021) – Healthy Soils Program

Food Waste Bans and Targets

Mandate Source

SB 1383

Target or Ban

Food Waste Reduction Target – 50% by 2020 | 75% by 2025

Relative to 2014 levels

Industry, Materials, and Waste Management

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HFC Regulation

SB 1383 (2016)

Carbon Pollution Pricing

What are we missing? Let us know!

Last Updated Nov. 2021