Colorado

Colorado has made significant progress on climate action in recent years. The state aims to achieve a 90% reduction in emissions and 100% clean energy by 2050.

Legislative Profile

Governor: Jared Polis (D)

House: 40 (D) ǀ 24 (R)

Senate: 20 (D) ǀ 15 (R)

U.S. Climate Alliance Member

Key Resources

Colorado State Energy Profile — U.S. EIA
Colorado Legal Profile — Lawyers for Good Government
Colorado Energy Policy Simulator — Energy Innovation and RMI
Colorado EJ Map — Mapping for Environmental Justice
Colorado Energy Policy Simulator Insights: Current Emissions Trajectory, 1.5°C Scenario — Energy Innovation

Emissions Reduction Targets

By 2025:

26%

By 2030:

50%

By 2050:

90%

All targets relative to 2005 levels

2019 GHG Emissions By Sector (%)

  • Commercial
  • Electric
  • Residential
  • Industrial
  • Transportation
  • Agriculture
Source: EPA State Inventory Tool (SIT)

Use the + icons in each policy area below to explore climate policy that has been passed at the state level, with links to relevant legislation and trackers. Policies in gray have not yet been passed in this state.

Climate Governance & Equity

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+ Policies

Climate Governance

Greenhouse Gas Targets

Emissions Reduction Target

26% by 2025 | 50% by 2030 | 90% by 2050 Relative to 2005 levels

Mandate Source

Voluntary – HB 19-1261 (2019)

Climate Action Plan

Climate Bureaucracy

Interagency Commissions/Task Forces

Air Pollution Control Division

Non-Governmental Advisory Bodies

Air Quality Control Commission

State Climate Portal

Colorado Climate Change Portal

Lead by Example

ACEEE Score – 2 out of 2 points**

**The ACEEE Energy Efficiency Scorecard analyzes the policies and programs states adopt to save energy in public sector buildings and transportation fleets. States can earn up to 2 points.

Equity

Environmental Justice Community Designation

Mandate Source

HB21-1266 (2021)

Definition

“Disproportionately impacted communities” are defined as communities where over 40% of households are low income, minority, or housing cost-burdened; those with a history of environmental racism; or those with persistent environmental health disparities.

Include race? Yes | Include income? Yes | Include pollution burden? Yes

State EJ Mapping Tools

EJ Community Benefit Requirement

SB 21-272 (2021) – At least 40% of renewable energy programs, incentives, and direct investments must benefit low-income customers and disproportionately impacted communities

EJ Bureaucracy

Adaptation & Resilience

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Governance and Planning

Governance Structures

Office Designation

Colorado Resiliency Office

Task Force/Advisory Group

Colorado Resiliency Working Group

Cabinet Commissions and Committees

Adaptation and Resilience Plans

Action Plans

Colorado Climate Action Plan (2015)

Colorado Water Plan (2017)

Assessments

Frameworks

Colorado Resiliency Framework (2015)

Climate Hazard Mitigation Plans

Enhanced State Hazard Mitigation Plan (2018)

Colorado Drought Mitigation and Response Plan (2013)

Public Act 287 (2021) – Implementation of recommendations from the State Fire Commission

Solutions and Funding

Building Codes, Land Use, and Zoning

Built/Hard Infrastructure

SB 19-221 (2019) – Water Conservation Board Construction Fund Project

Grid Resilience Measures

Green Stormwater Infrastructure

HB 19-1050 (2019) – Promotes water efficient landscaping

State Funding

Development Funding

Disaster Relief Funding

SB 21-221 (2021) – Funds projects under the forest restoration and wildfire risk mitigation grant program

Electricity

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Renewables and Energy Storage

Greenhouse Gas Targets

Target

48% by 2025 | 80% by 2030
Relative to 2005 levels

Mandate Source

HB21-1266 (2021)

Renewable Portfolio Standard

Target

30% by 2020 (IOUs) | 10% or 20% for munis and coops depending on size | 100% clean energy by 2050 for utilities serving 500,000 or more customers

Legislation

SB 19-263 (2019)

Distributed Generation/Solar Carve-out

SPOT Components – 1 out of 5*

Net Metering

SPOT Components – 10 out of 11*

Energy Storage Standard

SPOT Components – 5 out of 5*

Shared Renewables

SPOT Components – 5 out of 6*

Grid and Utility Reform

Clean Energy Plan

Grid Modernization Plan

The GridWise Alliance’s Grid Modernization Index (GMI) evaluates and ranks the status of grid modernization efforts across all 50 states and D.C.

50-state Ranking – 11th

Interconnection Standards

SPOT Components – 5 out of 6*

Utility Green Power Option

SPOT Components – 4 out of 6*

New Utility Business Model Proceeding

SPOT Components – 2 out of 5*

Carbon Pollution Pricing

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Buildings & Efficiency

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Building Energy Codes

Residential Codes

SPOT Components – 5 out of 6*

Statewide code – No statewide code

Commercial Codes

SPOT Components – 5 out of 6*

Statewide code – No statewide code

Stretch or Reach Codes

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Efficiency Programs and Financing

Weatherization Programs

SPOT Components – 3 out of 4*

Energy Auditing Programs

Retrocommissioning Programs

Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE)

SPOT Components – 6 out of 10*

Energy Savings Performance Contracting

SPOT Components – 5 out of 5*

Standards and Market Mechanisms

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard

SPOT Components – 5 out of 5*

Building Performance Standard (BPS)

SB 21-264 (2021)

Appliance Performance Standard (APS)

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Buildings Data Disclosure

Transportation

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Vehicle Standards and Incentives

Low-Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Mandates

Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicle (MHDVs) Sales Standards

In progress (Clean Truck Strategy being drafted)

Electric Vehicle Incentives

SPOT Components – 2 out of 5*

Charging Infrastructure Incentives

SPOT Components – 2 out of 5*

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS)

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

State Planning and Investment

Greenhouse Gas Targets

Decarbonization Plan

EV and EV Charging Infrastructure Plans

EV Transit Bus Deployment

The ACEEE Transportation Electrification Scorecard analyzes the level of investment and policies states adopt to procure electric transit buses. States can earn up to 6 points.

ACEEE Score – 4 out of 6 points

Bicycle Friendly State

The League of American Bicyclists’ State Report Cards evaluate and rank the safety and efficiency of active transportation systems across all 50 states.

50-state Ranking – 7th

Agriculture

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Soil Health and Regenerative Agriculture Governance

Mandate Source

Task Force Portal or Action Plan

Colorado Collaborative for Healthy Soils

Financial Incentives

HB 21-1181 (2021) – Agricultural Soil Health Program

HB 21-1242 (2021) – Creates an Agricultural Drought and Climate Resilience Office to establish incentive programs

Technical Assistance and Education Programs

HB 21-1181 (2021) – Agricultural Soil Health Program

Food Waste Bans and Targets

Industry, Materials, and Waste Management

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Short-Lived Climate Pollutant (SLCP) Regulations

HFC Regulations

5 CCR 1001-26 (2021)

Methane Regulations

HB 19-1261 (2019)

Carbon Pollution Pricing

What are we missing? Let us know!

Last Updated March 2022