Colorado

With a Democratic state government trifecta, Colorado is making progress on climate action.

Legislative Profile

Governor: Jared Polis (D)

House: 41 (D) ǀ 24 (R)

Senate: 20 (D) ǀ 15 (R)

U.S. Climate Alliance Member

Emissions Reduction Targets

By 2025:

26%

By 2030:

50%

By 2050:

90%

All targets relative to 2005 levels

2018 GHG Emissions By Sector (%)

  • Commercial
  • Electric
  • Residential
  • Industrial
  • Transportation
  • Other
Source: EIA State Energy Data System (SEDS)

Use the + icons in each policy area below to explore climate policy that has been passed at the state level, with links to relevant legislation and trackers. Policies in gray have not yet been passed in this state.

Climate Governance & Equity

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Climate Governance

Greenhouse Gas Targets

Emissions Reduction Target

26% by 2025 | 50% by 2030 | 90% by 2050 Relative to 2005 levels

Mandate Source

Mandatory – HB 19-1261

Climate Action Plan

Climate Bureaucracy

Interagency Commissions/Task Forces

Air Pollution Control Division

Non-Governmental Advisory Bodies

Air Quality Control Commission

State Climate Portal

Colorado Climate Change Portal

Lead by Example

ACEEE Score – 2 out of 2 points**

**The ACEEE Energy Efficiency Scorecard analyzes the policies and programs states adopt to save energy in public sector buildings and transportation fleets. States can earn up to 2 points.

Equity

Environmental Justice Community Designation

Mandate Source

HB21-1266

Definition

“Disproportionately impacted communities” are defined as communities where over 40% of households are low income, minority, or housing cost-burdened; those with a history of environmental racism; or those with persistent environmental health disparities.

Include race? Yes | Include income? Yes | Include pollution burden? Yes

State EJ Mapping Tools

EJ Community Benefit Requirement

SB 21-272 – at least 40% of renewable energy programs, incentives, and direct investments must benefit low-income customers and disproportionately impacted communities

EJ Bureaucracy

Adaptation & Resilience

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Governance and Planning

Governance Structures

Colorado Resiliency Office

HB 19-1015 – Creates the State Water Institute

Adaptation and Resilience Plans/Frameworks

Climate Hazard Mitigation Plans

Solutions and Funding

Building Codes, Land Use, and Zoning

Built/Hard Infrastructure

SB 19-221 (2019) – Water Conservation Board Construction Fund Project

Grid Resilience Measures

Green Stormwater Infrastructure

HB 19-1050 (2019) – Promotes water efficient landscaping

State Funding and Resources

SB 21-221 (2021) – Funds projects under the forest restoration and wildfire risk mitigation grant program

SB 21-166 (2021) – Implementation of recommendations from the State Fire Commission

Electricity

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Renewables and Energy Storage

Renewable Portfolio Standard

Target

30% by 2020 (IOUs) | 10% or 20% for munis and coops depending on size | 100% clean energy by 2050 for utilities serving 500,000 or more customers

Legislation

SB 263

Distributed Generation/Solar Carve-out

SPOT Components – 1 out of 5*

Net Metering

SPOT Components – 10 out of 11*

Energy Storage Standard

SPOT Components – 5 out of 5*

Shared Renewables

SPOT Components – 5 out of 6*

Grid and Utility Reform

Grid Modernization Plan

The GridWise Alliance’s Grid Modernization Index (GMI) evaluates and ranks the status of grid modernization efforts across all 50 states and D.C.

50-state Ranking – 11th

Interconnection Standards

SPOT Components – 5 out of 6*

Utility Green Power Option

SPOT Components – 4 out of 6*

New Utility Business Model Proceeding

SPOT Components – 2 out of 5*

Carbon Pollution Pricing

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Buildings & Efficiency

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Energy Codes and Standards

Residential Codes

SPOT Components – 5 out of 6*

Commercial Codes

SPOT Components – 5 out of 6*

Stretch or Reach Codes

Building Performance Standard (BPS)

SB 21-264 (2021)

Appliance Performance Standard (APS)

Efficiency Programs and Financing

Weatherization Programs

SPOT Components – 3 out of 4*

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard

SPOT Components – 5 out of 5*

Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE)

SPOT Components – 6 out of 10*

Energy Savings Performance Contracting

SPOT Components – 5 out of 5*

Market Mechanisms

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Buildings Data Disclosure

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Transportation

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Vehicle Standards

Low-Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Mandates

Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicle (MHDVs) Sales Standards

Incentives and Market Mechanisms

Electric Vehicle Incentives

SPOT Components – 2 out of 5*

Charging Infrastructure Incentives

SPOT Components – 2 out of 5*

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS)

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Agriculture

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Soil Health and Regenerative Agriculture Governance

Mandate Source

Task Force Portal or Action Plan

Colorado Collaborative for Healthy Soils

Financial Incentives

HB 21-1181 (2021) – Agricultural Soil Health Program

HB 21-1242 (2021) – Creates an Agricultural Drought and Climate Resilience Office to establish incentive programs

Technical Assistance and Education Programs

HB 21-1181 (2021) – Agricultural Soil Health Program

Food Waste Bans and Targets

Industry, Materials, and Waste Management

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HFC Regulation

5 CCR 1001-26 (2021)

Carbon Pollution Pricing

What are we missing? Let us know!

Last Updated Nov. 2021