Washington

With a Democratic state government trifecta, Washington has made significant progress on climate action and is a leader in climate policy.

Legislative Profile

Governor: Jay Inslee (R)

House: 57 (D) ǀ 41 (R)

Senate: 29 (D) ǀ 20 (R)

U.S. Climate Alliance Member

Emissions Reduction Targets

By 2030:

45%

By 2040:

70%

By 2050:

95%

By 2050:

Net-zero economy

All targets relative to 1990 levels

2018 GHG Emissions By Sector (%)

  • Commercial
  • Electric
  • Residential
  • Industrial
  • Transportation
  • Other
Source: EIA State Energy Data System (SEDS)

Use the + icons in each policy area below to explore climate policy that has been passed at the state level, with links to relevant legislation and trackers. Policies in gray have not yet been passed in this state.

Climate Governance & Equity

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Climate Governance

Greenhouse Gas Targets

Emissions Reduction Target

45% by 2030 | 70% by 2040 | 95% by 2050 | net-zero economy by 2050 Relative to 1990 levels

Mandate Source

Mandatory – Chapter 79, Laws of 2020

Climate Action Plan

Washington State Energy Strategy

Plan Status

Finalized

Climate Bureaucracy

Interagency Commissions/Task Forces

Non-Governmental Advisory Bodies

State Climate Portal

Washington Climate Change Portal

Lead by Example

ACEEE Score – 2 out of 2 points**

**The ACEEE Energy Efficiency Scorecard analyzes the policies and programs states adopt to save energy in public sector buildings and transportation fleets. States can earn up to 2 points.

Equity

Environmental Justice Community Designation

Mandate Source

RCW 70A.02.010

Definition

“Overburdened communities” are defined as areas where vulnerable populations face multiple environmental harms and health impacts or risks, including communities whose health is highly impacted by fossil fuel pollution and climate change, and census tracts located on “Indian country”.

Include race? Yes | Include income? Yes | Include pollution burden? Yes

State EJ Mapping Tools

EJ Community Benefit Requirement

SB 5126 – 35%, with a goal of 40%, of revenue to overburdened communities and 10% to Indian tribes

EJ Bureaucracy

Adaptation & Resilience

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Governance and Planning

Governance Structures

SSB 5106 (2019) – Natural Disaster and Resiliency Activities Work Group

Resilient Washington State Subcabinet

Adaptation and Resilience Plans/Frameworks

Climate Hazard Mitigation Plans

Solutions and Funding

Building Codes, Land Use, and Zoning

Built/Hard Infrastructure

Grid Resilience Measures

Green Stormwater Infrastructure

State Funding and Resources

Electricity

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Renewables and Energy Storage

Renewable Portfolio Standard

Target

15% renewable by 2020 | 100% greenhouse gas neutral by 2030 | 100% renewable or zero-emitting by 2045

Legislation

SB 5116

Distributed Generation/Solar Carve-out

SPOT Components – 0 out of 5*

Net Metering

SPOT Components – 8 out of 11*

Energy Storage Standard

SPOT Components – 2 out of 5*

Shared Renewables

SPOT Components – 5 out of 6*

Grid and Utility Reform

Grid Modernization Plan

The GridWise Alliance’s Grid Modernization Index (GMI) evaluates and ranks the status of grid modernization efforts across all 50 states and D.C.

50-state Ranking – 22nd

Interconnection Standards

SPOT Components – 6 out of 6*

Utility Green Power Option

SPOT Components – 5 out of 6*

New Utility Business Model Proceeding

SPOT Components – 0 out of 5*

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Scheduled for 2023 (Climate Commitment Act, 2021)

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Buildings & Efficiency

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Energy Codes and Standards

Residential Codes

SPOT Components – 5 out of 6*

Commercial Codes

SPOT Components – 4 out of 6*

Stretch or Reach Codes

Building Performance Standard (BPS)

WAC 194-50 (2020)

Appliance Performance Standard (APS)

Efficiency Programs and Financing

Weatherization Programs

SPOT Components – 4 out of 4*

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard

SPOT Components – 4 out of 5*

Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE)

SPOT Components – 0 out of 10*

Energy Savings Performance Contracting

SPOT Components – 4 out of 5*

Market Mechanisms

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Scheduled for 2023 (Climate Commitment Act, 2021)

Buildings Data Disclosure

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Transportation

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Vehicle Standards

Low-Emission Vehicle (LEV) Standards

Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Mandates

Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicle (MHDVs) Sales Standards

Incentives and Market Mechanisms

Electric Vehicle Incentives

SPOT Components – 2 out of 5*

Charging Infrastructure Incentives

SPOT Components – 2 out of 5*

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Scheduled for 2023 (Climate Commitment Act, 2021)

Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS)

*The State Policy Opportunity Tracker (SPOT) breaks clean energy policies down into “components”, which are binary questions to evaluate policy quality. Higher quality policies have more of their SPOT components fulfilled.

Agriculture

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Soil Health and Regenerative Agriculture Governance

Mandate Source

SB 6306 (2020)

Task Force Portal or Action Plan

Financial Incentives

SB 5947/HB 2095 (2019) – Sustainable Farms and Fields Grant Program

HB 2713 (2020) – Relating to encouraging compost procurement and use

Technical Assistance and Education Programs

SB 6306 (2020) – Washington Soil Health Initiative

Food Waste Bans and Targets

Mandate Source

Chapter 255, Laws of 2019

Target or Ban

Food Waste Reduction Target – 50% by 2030 Relative to 2015 levels

Industry, Materials, and Waste Management

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HFC Regulation

Carbon Pollution Pricing

Scheduled for 2023 (Climate Commitment Act, 2021)

What are we missing? Let us know!

Last Updated Nov. 2021