State Carbon Pricing Network



Climate XChange coordinates the State Carbon Pricing Network. Services we provide to state campaigns include:

  • Policy analysis
  • Campaign planning expertise
  • Forum to share ideas
  • Training & skill building

Click on the dark blue states to read about each campaign.

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Arkansas

Campaign

The Arkansas Chapter of Citizens Climate Lobby is spearheading the carbon pricing campaign. The group commissioned a 2015 study by Regional Economic Models, Inc. which showed that a Carbon Fee and Dividend (CF&D) program would be a good way to reduce carbon emissions while benefitting the Arkansas economy and residents as a whole. They are using this evidence to build a broad base of support for the policy.

Current Status

The campaign is currently focusing on public education and building a base of supporters throughout Arkansas, including support from both citizens and legislators. They are also working to commission a study on carbon pricing through the state.

Legislation

While there are no carbon pricing bills currently in the Arkansas legislature, the group is pushing for a carbon fee and dividend in which 100% of the revenue is returned to households and businesses in a rebate check. The City Council of Fayetteville and Eureka Springs, Arkansas have passed resolutions supporting a carbon fee and dividend.


California

Climate Goal

In 2016 California’s SB32 set targets of reducing greenhouse gas emissions to 40% below 1990 levels by 2030 and 80% below in 2050. California has an existing cap and trade system approved through 2030, with AB398.

Legislation and Current Status

In December 2017, the state of California, along with Washington state, announced that they would join five nations on the Pacific coast of the Americas in setting up a carbon pricing system as a key economic policy to tackle climate change.

AB398, which passed in July 2017, extended California’s cap and trade program through 2030. The program allows companies to buy permits to emit greenhouse gas emissions. While some are happy with the legislation, others fear that it isn’t strict enough.


Connecticut

Legislation

Rep. Jonathan Steinberg, Chief Sponsor for HB 7427, introduced the bill in the Connecticut General Assembly in March 2017. This bill would have established a carbon price for fossil fuels sold in the state starting at $15 per ton of carbon dioxide, and increasing by $5 per ton annually. 25% of the revenue would have went towards climate resilience, energy efficiency, and renewable energy programs. 30% of the revenue would have been given as dividends to employers, and 40% would have been returned as dividends to residents.

Current Status

Shortly after a public hearing on March 13, 2017, the bill died in committee.


Hawai’i

Climate Goal

Hawai’i law mandates that the electric sector be powered by 100% renewable energy by o later than 2045. This omits the largest source of emissions in Hawai’i, the transportation sector.

Campaign

A group of volunteer activists in Honolulu have begun conversations with legislators about moving a statewide carbon pollution fee forward.


Illinois

Coming soon.


Maryland

Climate Goal

The Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Act of 2016 calls for a 25% reduction in emissions by 2020 and a 40% reduction by 2030, as compared with 2006 levels.

Campaign

Climate XChange Maryland is working to pass a state-wide carbon price.

Legislation

Climate XChange Maryland is working with CXC Massachusetts and legislative partners to put together a carbon pricing bill to be introduced in the upcoming legislative session.

Current Status

After spending a session building relationships and partnerships, Climate XChange MD is gearing up for the coming legislative session and working to get as many legislators as possible to sign on as co-sponsors once the bill is introduced.


Massachusetts

Climate Goal

Under the Global Warming Solutions Act, Massachusetts is required to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 25% by 2020 and 80% by 2050, as compared with 1990 levels.

Campaign

Climate XChange is one of the leading organizations of the Campaign for a Clean Energy Future, the coalition working towards putting a price on carbon pollution in the Commonwealth.

Legislation

There are currently two key bills in the Massachusetts legislature that focus on putting a fee on carbon pollution. Senator Michael Barrett’s An Act Combatting Climate Change is the carbon pricing bill in the Senate, and Representative Jennifer Benson has put forth An Act to Promote Green Infrastructure, Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions, and Create Jobs in the House.

Current Status

Both carbon pricing bills were filed on January 20, 2017. The bills have collectively received 79 cosponsors – 40% of the legislature. On June 20, 2017 the Joint Committee on Telecommunications, Utilities, and Energy  (TUE) held a hearing on the legislation. More than 40 people testified in favor of the bills, and nearly 500 supporters attended the hearing. The bills are still in the TUE committee.


Minnesota

Coming soon.


New Hampshire

Legislation

Senate Bill 123 was introduced by Sen. Martha Fuller Clark on Jan 19, 2017. This bill would have established a commission to study a carbon reduction investment program for the state of New Hampshire.

Current Status

The bill died after moving from the Senate Committee for Energy and Natural Resources to the House Committee for Science, Technology, and Energy.


New Jersey

Coming soon.


New York

Climate Goal

New York’s goal is to reduce carbon emissions 40% by 2030 and 80% by 2050.

Campaign

The carbon pricing campaign in New York is being led by NY Renews, a coalition of community, labor, and environmental groups advocating for “visionary climate policies grounded in equity and justice for communities and working people”. This coalition is unique because rather than forming around the concept of carbon pricing, they came together and then decided their collective priorities.

Legislation

NY Renews is working with their sponsor on changing some of the language for the bill A107 /S2846. The existing bill provides that 60% of the revenues will be rebated to low and moderate-income residents in a progressive method through a tax credit. They are working on changes that will have a better impact on low income residents who are not participating in the income tax system and help families that are in arrears in their utility bills. They are also looking into giving more relief to small businesses.

Current Status

The Climate and Community Protection Act did not pass in the Senate, delaying progress for the second phase of the campaign. NY Renews is currently drafting a bill for Just Transition that would put a price on carbon, methane, and other co-pollutants. The goal is to have it included in the governor’s budget.


Oregon

Campaign

There are two coalitions working on this topic, Renew Oregon and Our Climate.

Current Status

The bills did not move forward, but the coalitions hope that the legislation laid groundwork for next session. Click here for more information.

Legislation

Rep. Ken Helm and Sen. Michael Dembrow introduced Senate Bill 1070 within days of the state’s legislative session ending. SB 1070 would have required the Environmental Quality Commission to adopt carbon pollution market by rule, and would have established a statewide cap on greenhouse gas emissions. Part of the revenue from this bill would have supported projects to reduce pollution and create job opportunities in low income communities across the state. In total, 33 legislators from the House and Senate signed onto the bill to show their support. While they were not expecting the bill to pass this session, the hope is that it will start the conversation for 2018.


Rhode Island

Climate Goal

Reduce greenhouse gas emissions 10% by 2020, 45% by 2035, and 80% by 2050 from 1990 levels.

Campaign

The EnergizeRI Coalition is a broad group of Rhode Islanders working to pass carbon pricing on the state level. The group includes non-profits, businesses, environmental groups, and universities who care about RI’s people and economy. A list of the coalition partners can be found here.

Current Status

Carbon pricing bill H 5396 was introduced in the 2017 legislative session and ultimately held for further study. The Governor later indicated support for a regional carbon pricing scheme similar to the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative to amplify the small state’s impact.

The growing coalition being carbon pricing legislation is planning on introducing legislation next session.


Texas

Coming soon.


Utah

Campaign

The Salt Lake City chapter of Citizens Climate Lobby is working to pass a statewide carbon price in Utah.

Current Status

Volunteers are working on building support, especially among republicans, for carbon pricing using a focus on economic stewardship. While the Carbon Emissions Tax Act was introduced last session, it did not go anywhere. Members of Citizens Climate Lobby, Salt Lake City are considering the introduction of another bill, or a 2020 referendum.


Vermont

Climate Goal

90% of total energy to come from renewable energy sources by 2050.

Campaign

Energy Independent Vermont is a coalition of environmental organizations, businesses, and low-income advocates that all have one common goal: putting a price on pollution to address the issue of climate change. Such organizations include the Vermont Public Interest Research Group (VPIRG), Conservation Law Foundation (CLF), Vermont Businesses for Social Responsibility, Sierra Club VT, and the Champlain Valley Office of Economic Opportunity, Inc.

Legislation

In the 2017 legislative session, four short-form bills were introduced in the Vermont legislature that would put a price on carbon pollution and either reduce existing tax burdens or return the revenue as a quarterly check to Vermont residents. The bills laid the groundwork for a full bill to be introduced in the coming session, likely by Rep. Sarah Copeland Hanzas (D-Bradford).

Current Status

Vermont Governor Phil Scott recently shot down the idea of a carbon price for Vermont, yet many Vermonters are not backing down. Rep. Sarah Copeland Hanzas plans on introducing a carbon pricing bill in the next legislative session. A coalition of businesses, academics, low income and environmental allies also put forward a proposal to dramatically reduce Vermont’s greenhouse gas emissions and accelerate the transition to clean, renewable heating and transportation options. The proposal, called the ESSEX Plan (an Economy Strengthening Strategic Energy Exchange) would put a gradually rising price on carbon pollution in the heating and transportation sectors and use the money raised to reduce Vermonters’ electric bills. Building off Vermont’s unique assets, and providing additional relief to low-income and rural Vermonters, the coalition hopes that the policy will be a game changer.


Virginia

Legislation

While there is no specific carbon pricing legislation yet, in May 2017 Virginia’s Governor Terry McAuliffe issued an order to lay the groundwork for a cap-and-trade program around power plant emissions. He asked regulators to propose a rule for the state air pollution control board that would enable Virginia to partake in a multi-state carbon permit trading system such as the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative.


Washington

Climate Goal

Reduce greenhouse gas emissions to 1990 levels by 2020.

Campaign

Carbon Washington, a non-partisan grassroots organization, is the group behind Washington’s carbon pricing campaign.

Current Status

In December 2017, along with California, the state of Washington announced that they would join five nations on the Pacific coast of the Americas in setting up a carbon pricing system as a key economic policy to tackle climate change.

Carbon Washington also thoroughly outlined their legislative prospects and ballot initiative prospects for 2018.


Washington, DC

Climate Goal

The District of Columbia has pledged to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 50% by 2032 (one of the boldest goals to combat climate change in the United States).

Current Status

The coalition is supported by professional facilitators who are leading a process and policy design conversation series throughout winter and spring 2017. A timeline of upcoming events is as follows:

  • February and March: Report release on the economic impacts of various pricing scenarios
  • April: Bill introduction

For more information, visit the Carbon Fee and Rebate coalition’s website.

Legislation

The coalition supporting this pledge is advocating for a carbon tax that would rebate 100% of the tax revenue back to District residents to finally make this goal a reality.

Campaign

The DC Carbon Fee and Rebate coalition is coordinated by the Chesapeake Climate Action Network (CCAN) and partner advocacy organizations including Americans for Transit, Black Millennials for Flint, Interfaith Power & Light (DC, MD, NoVA), Citizens’ Climate Lobby DC Chapter, DC Catholic Conference, DC Divest, DC Environmental Network, DC Fiscal Policy Institute, Moms Clean Air Force, ONE DC, SEIU 32BJ, and U.S. Climate Plan.