State Carbon Pricing Network


Climate XChange coordinates the State Carbon Pricing Network.

There are currently 17 campaigns in the network. Services we provide include:
  • Policy analysis
  • Campaign planning expertise
  • Forum to share ideas
  • Training & skill building
Click on the dark blue states to read about each campaign.
Enter your email address below to access Campaign Resources.

Alaska

Coming soon.

Arkansas

Climate Goal

The goals outlined in the EPA’s Clean Power Plan served as an emissions reduction target for Arkansas. However, if the Clean Power Plan is stricken down, Arkansas may lack climate goals or create their own.

Campaign

The Arkansas Chapter of Citizens Climate Lobby is spearheading the carbon pricing campaign. The group commissioned a 2015 study by Regional Economic Models, Inc. which showed that a Carbon Fee and Dividend (CF&D) program would be a good way to reduce carbon emissions while benefitting the Arkansas economy and residents as a whole. They are using this evidence to build a broad base of support for the policy.

Legislation

While there are no carbon pricing bills currently in the Arkansas legislature, the group is pushing for a carbon fee and dividend in which 100% of the revenue is returned to households and businesses in a rebate check. The City Council of Fayetteville and Eureka Springs, Arkansas have passed resolutions supporting a carbon fee and dividend. Because the Arkansas government has pushed back against the Clean Power Plan, a carbon fee and dividend policy could be seen by lawmakers as a way to side-step this issue.

Current Status

The campaign is currently focusing on public education and building a base of supporters throughout Arkansas, including support from both citizens and legislators.

Hawai’i

Climate Goal

Hawai’i law mandates that the electric sector be powered by 100% renewable energy by o later than 2045. This omits the largest source of emissions in Hawai’i, the transportation sector.

Campaign

A group of volunteer activists in Honolulu have begun conversations with legislators about moving a statewide carbon pollution fee forward.

Illinois

Coming soon.

Maryland

Climate Goal

The Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Act of 2016 calls for a 25% reduction in emissions by 2020 and a 40% reduction by 2030, as compared with 2006 levels.

Campaign

The Maryland Climate Coalition is behind the campaign pushing carbon pricing forward in Maryland. The Coalition brings together environmental, faith, health, labor, and civic organizations to advance clean energy and climate policies in the state.

Legislation

While there is no legislation written yet, the campaign plans to use support built throughout this year in 2018 to introduce a carbon pricing bill or issue a Referendum for Congressional action as was done in California with AJR-43.

Current Status

Maryland’s carbon pricing campaign will spend 2017 building relationships with various interest groups and legislators.

Massachusetts

Climate Goal

Under the Global Warming Solutions Act, Massachusetts is required to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 25% by 2020 and 80% by 2050, as compared with 1990 levels.

Campaign

Climate XChange is one of the leading organizations of the Campaign for a Clean Energy Future, the coalition working towards putting a price on carbon pollution in the Commonwealth.

Legislation

There are currently two key bills in the Massachusetts legislature that focus on putting a fee on carbon pollution. Senator Michael Barrett’s An Act Combatting Climate Change is the carbon pricing bill in the Senate, and Representative Jennifer Benson has put forth An Act to Promote Green Infrastructure, Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions, and Create Jobs in the House.

Current Status

Both carbon pricing bills were filed on January 20, 2017. Already, the bills have collectively received 79 cosponsors – more than one third of the legislature. Business groups as well as the Campaign for a Clean Energy Future are currently planning multiple Lobby Days to demonstrate constituent support for the bills.

Minnesota

Coming soon.

New Jersey

Coming soon.

New York

Climate Goal

New York’s goal is to reduce carbon emissions 40% by 2030 and 80% by 2050.

Campaign

The carbon pricing campaign in New York is being led by NY Renews, a coalition of community, labor, and environmental groups advocating for “visionary climate policies grounded in equity and justice for communities and working people”. This coalition is unique because rather than forming around the concept of carbon pricing, they came together and then decided their collective priorities.

Legislation

New York state Assemblyman Kevin Cahill and Assemblywoman Barbara Lifton sponsored a carbon pricing bill in 2015.

Current Status

NY Renews is currently working to achieve first a mandate for New York State to have 100% renewable energy by 2050. The second phase of the campaign will involve passing a carbon pollution fee to fund a just transition leading to good jobs, environmental justice, and worker protection.

Oregon

Climate Goal

Senator Lee Beyer recently filed SB 557, which would change Oregon emission reduction goals to be 20% below 1990 levels by 2025, 45% below by 2035, and 75% below by 2050.

Campaign

There are two coalitions working on this topic, Renew Oregon and Our Climate.

Current Status

There was a joint meeting on Wednesday, March 1st with the House and Senate Environment committees to discuss the different carbon pricing bills.

Legislation

SB 557: In addition to the emission reduction goals, SB 557 requires the Environmental Quality Commission to adopt carbon pollution market by rule, as well as establishes the Greenhouse Gas Cap and Investment Program Oversight Committee. Additionally, the legislation would establish the Oregon Climate Investments Fund, the Just Transition Fund, and the Climate Investments Account within the State Highway Fund. Effective Jan 1, 2021, the bill would also require the Environmental Quality Commission to determine the method for the distribution of auction proceeds and rules for offset credits.

HB 2135: Would create a cap and trade system similar to the ones already in place in California and different Canadian provinces.

SB 748: Known as a “cap and penalty” bill because it would collect money from fees and penalties under a carbon pollution permit program. These funds would be used to help reduce emissions and assist communities with climate change adaptation.

HB 2468: would set a cap on carbon emissions and direct the Oregon Environmental Quality Commission to develop a plan to meet these goals.

LC 1242: This bill has not yet been introduced, but it would create a carbon tax that would increase annually.

Rhode Island

Climate Goal

Reduce greenhouse gas emissions 10% by 2020, 45% by 2035, and 80% by 2050 from 1990 levels.

Campaign

The EnergizeRI Coalition is a broad group of Rhode Islanders working to pass carbon pricing on the state level. The group includes non-profits, businesses, environmental groups, and universities who care about RI’s people and economy. A list of the coalition partners can be found here.

Current Status

Carbon pricing bill H 5396 was introduced in the 2017 legislative session. Advocates are working to garner support for the bill, building on the progress they made with a carbon pricing bill in the previous legislative session.

Legislation

The Clean Energy Investment and Carbon Pricing Act of 2017 is a carbon pricing bill sponsored by Senator Jeanine Calkin and Rep. Aaron Regunberg. The bill proposes a fee of $15 per ton of CO2e emitted, which is increased by $5 (based on 2016 dollars) each fiscal year beginning January 1, 2018. It also establishes a clean energy and jobs fund, with 25% going towards energy efficiency and renewable energy programs for small businesses and low-income residents, 30% used to provide dividends to employers, and 40% used to provide dividends to Rhode Island residents. This bill is based on a regional approach, so it will only take effect if Massachusetts passes similar legislation.

Texas

Coming soon.

Utah

Coming soon.

Vermont

Climate Goal

90% of total energy to come from renewable energy sources by 2050

Campaign

Energy Independent Vermont is a coalition of environmental organizations, businesses, and low-income advocates that all have one common goal: putting a price on pollution to address the issue of climate change. Such organizations include the Vermont Public Interest Research Group (VPIRG), Conservation Law Foundation (CLF), Vermont Businesses for Social Responsibility, Sierra Club VT, and the Champlain Valley Office of Economic Opportunity, Inc.

Legislation

Energy Independent Vermont is supporting a carbon fee that would return 90% of the revenue in the form of rebates and other tax relief, and the other 10% would be invested to help Vermont residents lower their energy bills and fossil fuel usage through energy efficiency and clean energy programs.

Current Status

The coalition will be working on a few bills to be introduced during the current legislative session over the next few weeks.

Virginia

Coming soon.

Washington

Climate Goal

Reduce greenhouse gas emissions to 1990 levels by 2020.

Campaign

Carbon Washington, a non-partisan grassroots organization, is the group behind Washington’s carbon pricing campaign.

Current Status

This legislative session, there are three carbon pricing bills in the Washington legislature. They are building on momentum from last legislative session, when Carbon Washington proposed ballot initiative (I-732) which would have created a revenue-neutral carbon fee to combat pollution. Revenue raised from the fee would have been used to cut the state sales tax by 1%, fund the Working Families Tax Rebate, and reduce the Business and Occupation Tax for manufacturers. Unfortunately, with I-732 having only 41% of the vote, the nation’s first carbon tax was rejected.

However, at the end of the 2016 session, Washington Governor Jay Inslee released a proposed budget for 2017-2019 which included a $25 per ton carbon tax with a 3.5% annual increase. Governor Inslee’s policy brief for the proposed budget can be found here.

Legislation

Three carbon tax bills have all been introduced in the Washington legislature during the current session:

  • SB 5127/HB 1555Creates a carbon pollution tax and investment act, which would impose a fee on the sale or use of fossil fuels, including those used in electricity generation, and the sale or consumption or electricity generated through fossil fuel combustion. The bill proposes a $25/ton carbon dioxide fee with a 3.5% increase + inflation each year, of which a portion of the revenue would be put toward water infrastructure, forests, clean tech, and Washington residents in need of assistance.
  • SB 5385Imposes a fossil fuel carbon pollution fee of $15/ton carbon dioxide. This bill requires at least 50% of funds to be transferred to the multimodal transportation account to assist certain school district programs.
  • HB 1646/SB 5509: Imposes a carbon fee on fossil fuel emissions. It creates a carbon program oversight board to oversee the act and advise the governor on how best to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in addition to creating an economic and environmental justice oversight panel. The bill proposes a $15/ton carbon dioxide fee with a 7% increase + inflation each year. Revenue would be put towards storm water infrastructure, transportation, clean tech, utilities, and social justice.

Washington, DC

Climate Goal

The District of Columbia has pledged to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 50% by 2032 (one of the boldest goals to combat climate change in the United States).

Current Status

The coalition is supported by professional facilitators who are leading a process and policy design conversation series throughout winter and spring 2017. A timeline of upcoming events is as follows:

  • February and March: Report release on the economic impacts of various pricing scenarios
  • April: Bill introduction

For more information, visit the Carbon Fee and Rebate coalition’s website.

Legislation

The coalition supporting this pledge is advocating for a carbon tax that would rebate 100% of the tax revenue back to District residents to finally make this goal a reality.

Campaign

The DC Carbon Fee and Rebate coalition is coordinated by the Chesapeake Climate Action Network (CCAN) and partner advocacy organizations including Americans for Transit, Black Millennials for Flint, Interfaith Power & Light (DC, MD, NoVA), Citizens’ Climate Lobby DC Chapter, DC Catholic Conference, DC Divest, DC Environmental Network, DC Fiscal Policy Institute, Moms Clean Air Force, ONE DC, SEIU 32BJ, and U.S. Climate Plan.