Our History

Massachusetts has long been regarded as a leader in climate and energy policy. Since 2008, there has been a deliberate focus on carbon emissions through the Global Warming Solutions Act (GWSA) and the Green Communities Act. Since the GWSA was enacted, the Commonwealth has seen steep reductions in carbon emissions from the electric sector, which has lead to a decrease in overall emissions. Unfortunately, these policies have had smaller impacts on emissions from buildings and almost no effect on transportation. Today transportation accounts for 39% of emissions, and buildings another 28%. The GWSA requires that overall emissions be reduced 25% by 2020 and 80% by 2050. Based on the Governor’s most recent study, we are not on target to meet these legal mandates. This not only leaves the state vulnerable to future litigation, it also challenges our role as a clear leader on climate policy.  In order to meet this requirement and and do our part to address the global climate crisis, Massachusetts must take aggressive steps to reduce emissions from these two sectors.

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An economy-wide carbon pollution price could move the state a long way toward meeting its mandates. It would require fossil fuel suppliers to pay pollution fees in proportion to the CO2 emissions of their products. This would give both suppliers and consumers a strong incentive to move to renewable energy and greater energy efficiency. The Massachusetts bills would devote most or all of the revenue to rebates for households and employers, with the House bill using a portion for investment in clean energy and transportation programs.

Such a carbon price is the most appealing option for Massachusetts for several key reasons. One, it can cut pollution greatly while protecting families, particularly low-income ones, and vulnerable businesses, due to the rebates and investment. Two, we keep in the state part of the $20 billion that consumers currently spend on out-of-state fuel imports from places like Texas, Pennsylvania, Saudi Arabia, and Nigeria. Three, consumers spend most of their fuel savings inside Massachusetts, growing the economy by $600 million a year and creating 18,000 jobs in the process. Four, there is widespread agreement among economists and policymakers that carbon pricing is the most cost-effective method of cutting emissions.

Carbon pricing legislation was first introduced the Massachusetts legislature in 2013 by Senator Mike Barrett and then-State Representative Tom Conroy. Although ambitious, the Conroy-Barrett bill caught the attention of climate leaders and concerned advocacy groups. In the next session in 2015 a new revenue-neutral bill was introduced by Senator Barrett. It was crafted with wider stakeholder input and supported by a new coalition,  the Campaign for A Clean Energy Future, within which Climate XChange had (and continues to have) a leading role. This bill was also aided by a series of educational meetings with a delegation from British Columbia, which instituted revenue-neutral carbon fees in 2008. Together these events really put carbon pricing on the map in Massachusetts.

Building upon the solid foundation formed previously around Senator Barrett’s single bill, the 2017-2018 legislative session saw tremendous progress. In addition to Barrett in the Senate, State Representative Jen Benson introduced a bill in the House that used 20 percent of the revenues for clean energy investment. Collectively the bills received 79 cosponsors, about 40 percent of the legislature. Later in the session an omnibus climate bill, S.2302, An Act to Promote a Clean Energy Future, was sponsored by Senator Pacheco and contained provisions to institute carbon pricing that Senators Barrett and Pacheco worked out together. This bill was amended and passed unanimously by the State Senate. But the House did not vote on the bill, and it was not passed into law.

As we enter the 2019-2020 legislative session, Climate XChange is working closely with coalition partners, legislative allies, business leaders, and stakeholders. The momentum we’ve built over the past six years has created a solid foundation for success, and we expect that our legislative leaders will introduce Massachusetts’ strongest carbon pricing legislation to date. To learn more about the coalition that has come together to support carbon pricing, Visit Here.

Past Carbon Pricing Bills of the 190th Session (2017-2018)

Senator Michael Barrett’s Bill (S.1821)

Representative Jennifer Benson’s Bill (H.1726)

Senate Clean Energy Omnibus (S.2564)

2019 – 2020 Legislative Session

This Session's Carbon Pricing Bills

H.2810 An Act to Promote Green Infrastructure and Reduce Carbon Emissions ǀ Sponsor: Representative Jennifer Benson ǀ Read the Bill ǀ Read the Factsheet

S.1924 An Act to Combat Climate Change ǀ Sponsor: Senator Michael Barrett ǀ Read the Bill ǀ Read the Factsheet

Learn About the Business Perspective on Carbon Pricing

The Weekly Policy Round-up

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Legislative Updates
Nov. 13th Roundup: Kennedy a no show at climate debate

[ Not a subscriber? Sign up here ] BEACON HILL HAPPENINGS - Senator blasts delay on climate change legislation, action in 2019 unlikely: On Tuesday Senator Marc Pacheco, Founding Chair of the Senate Committee on Global Warming & Climate Change, took to...

Sept. 4th Roundup: The Inside Scoop On Beacon Hill’s Fall Climate Priorities

BEACON HILL HAPPENINGS -  The Inside Scoop: What's Gonna Pass In 2019: Back from August recess, state lawmakers are refocusing their efforts on multiple legislative priorities including a number of clean energy and climate change proposals. Interestingly, the timeline for some...

Four Pressing Questions About GreenWorks, Answered

Despite only being a bill for about two months, GreenWorks (H.3987) is rapidly moving through Massachusetts’ legislative process. We break down the changes made to GreenWorks since its first filing in May 2019, examine its political implications, and try to understand...

A Conversation on Equity, Climate Change & Justice with Roxana Rivera

The daughter of Salvadoran immigrants to the United States, Roxana Rivera has been working to fight for immigrant and workers' rights for 25 years. After working at SEIU Local 615 for nearly a decade, Rivera was appointed to head the...

News and Insights
Dec. 3rd Roundup: Sen. Barrett & Sec. Theoharides Talk Climate Action

[ Not a subscriber? Sign up here] - Programming Note: Do you enjoy reading the Climate XChange Roundup? This #GivingTuesday support the work we do, and give yourself a little something too. Buy a Raffle ticket today and kick off #GivingTuesday and the...

Nov. 27th Roundup: UN releases “Bleak” climate report

[ Not a subscriber? Sign up here] Happy Thanksgiving! If your family is anything like mine, you’ll likely get into a few “discussions” with relatives who don’t share your perspective on politics. Well, if they turn to climate change, then Jonah from Climate...

Nov. 20th Roundup: Hope for 2019 bag ban floating away

[ Not a subscriber? Sign up here ] BEACON HILL HAPPENINGS - Senate, House Process Disagreement Endangers Bag Ban Bill in 2019: On Monday, the State Senate released a bill to ban single-use carry-out plastic bags in retail stores across Massachusetts. According...

Oct. 30th Roundup: Baker’s enviro record is a mixed bag

[ Not a subscriber? Sign up here ]   BEACON HILL HAPPENINGS - “A Couple A's, One F: Again, A Mixed Environmental Report Card For Baker” (Bruce Gellerman, WBUR’s Earthwhile): “Six of the state's leading environmental organizations gave Gov. Charlie Baker mixed grades on...

Recent Reports
How to Have Your Carbon Fee Cake and Eat It Too

Our analysis of Massachusetts Representative Jennifer Benson’s H.2810, An Act to Promote Green Infrastructure and Reduce Carbon Emissions, shows that while it imposes substantial fees on carbon pollution, creating incentives to reduce emissions, it will still financially protect low and...

Regional Cap and Trade: Lessons from the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and Western Climate Initiative

TWO LARGE CAP-AND-TRADE SYSTEMS for carbon dioxide emissions (CO2) exist in the U.S. — the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) that currently covers ten Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states; and the Western Climate Initiative (WCI), which now includes California and the...

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